Sperm donation is a procedure in which a man donates semen — the fluid containing sperm that is released during ejaculation — to help an individual or a couple conceive a baby. Donated sperm can be injected into a woman's reproductive organs intrauterine insemination or used to fertilize mature eggs in a lab in vitro fertilization. The use of donated sperm is known as third-party reproduction. A man who makes a sperm donation can be known or anonymous to the recipient. Sperm donations made to a known recipient are called directed donations.
Odd Job: Can a man earn a living on sperm donation alone? This guy did.
Sperm donation - Mayo Clinic
Sperm donation is the provision by a man of his sperm with the intention that it be used in the artificial insemination or other 'fertility treatment' of a woman or women who are not his sexual partners in order that they may become pregnant by him. The man is known as a 'sperm donor' and the sperm he provides is known as 'donor sperm' because the intention is that the man will give up all legal rights to any child produced from his sperm, and will not be the legal father. However conception is achieved, the nature and course of the pregnancy will be the same as one achieved by sexual intercourse, and the sperm donor will be the biological father of every child born from his donations. Sperm donation enables a man to father a child for third-party women and is therefore categorized as a form of third-party reproduction. Sperm may be donated by the donor directly to the intended recipient woman or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic. Pregnancies are usually achieved by using donor sperm in assisted reproductive technology ART techniques which include artificial insemination either by intracervical insemination ICI or intrauterine insemination IUI in a clinic, or intravaginal insemination at home.
For many people, using donated sperm is the only chance they have of fulfilling their dream to have a family. Find out more about what sperm donation involves and how you can donate at a licensed UK fertility clinic. There are many reasons why people use donated sperm.
Finding a sperm donor can be a lot simpler — and a lot less expensive — than finding an egg donor. A sperm donor is a man who donates semen, which contains sperm, to a woman or a couple who is trying to get pregnant. You can choose to use an anonymous donor or a use a friend or relative, who can donate their sperm directly.